Tag Archives: natural

Chester Arthur, The First 007 British Secret Agent???

Royal Navy Commander Chester Arthur Meets His Contact Aboard The H.M.S. Stalwart

“I need to use your telegraph… She’ll wire you back.”
“Who are you?”
“Arthur,  Chester Arthur.”

Well, if you believe the Citizenium entry on Chester Arthur (Hat Tip to David Farrar!), Chester Arthur was definitely a British subject:

During Chester Arthur’s Vice-Presidential campaign alongside James A. Garfield,  Arthur P. Hinman, an attorney who had apparently been hired by the members of the Democratic party, explored the “rumors that Arthur had been born in a foreign country, was not a natural-born citizen of the United States, and was thus, by the Constitution, ineligible for the vice-presidency.” When Hinman’s initial claim of a birth in Ireland failed to gain traction, he maintained instead that Arthur was born in Canada and lobbied the press for support while searching for Arthur’s birth records, eventually in vain. After Arthur had become President due to Garfield’s assassination, Hinman published a pamphlet aimed to cast doubt on Arthur’s presidential eligibility.

However, due to the focus on Hinman’s unfounded allegations regarding Chester Arthur’s foreign place of birth, it remained unknown during the Garfield campaign that Arthur was nevertheless a natural-born subject of the British crown, because his British-Irish father William Arthur had not naturalized as a U.S. citizen until August 1843, fourteen years after Chester Arthur’s birth, and was at best a denizen of the State of Vermont.

Arthur himself continuously gave false information on his family’s history, thereby obscuring the circumstances and chronology of his own birth. Arthur knew of Hinman and his allegations and defended himself against the original claim that he was not a native-born citizen by stating that his father “came to this country when he was eighteen years of age, and resided here several years before he was married”, whereas in reality his father William emigrated from Ireland to Canada at the age of 22 or 23. Arthur further claimed that “his mother was a New Englander who had never left her native country—a statement every member of the Arthur family knew was untrue.”In a second interview he repeated some of the historical revisions and further stated that his father had been forty years of age at the time of his birth, which was revealed by Hinman to be a lie. Somewhere between 1870 and 1880 Chester Arthur had caused additional confusion by creating 1830 as a false year of his birth, which was quoted in several publications and was also engraved on his tombstone. Shortly before his death Arthur caused several Presidential materials, which had been in his private possession, to be destroyed, while other historical documents pertaining to Arthur’s life and presidency were lost for unknown reasons.

Here is the link to the Citizenium Internet Article, which also notes “Due to newly found sources on the issue this paragraph will be substantially rewritten soon.” Sooo, enjoy this while you can:

http://en.citizendium.org/wiki/Chester_Arthur

Although the British Secret Service was not formally created until 1909, there was a long history of espionage work dating back at least to the days of Queen Elizabeth I.  Wiki says about Sir Francis Walsingham:

Sir Francis Walsingham (c. 1532– 6 April 1590) was Principal Secretary to Elizabeth I of England from 1573 until 1590, and is popularly remembered as her spymaster. Walsingham is frequently cited as one of the earliest practitioners of modern intelligence methods both for espionage and for domestic security. He oversaw operations which penetrated the heart of Spanish military preparation, gathered intelligence from across Europe, and disrupted a range of plots against the queen, securing the execution of Mary, Queen of Scots.

In foreign intelligence, the full range of Walsingham’s network of “intelligencers” (of news as well as secrets) may never be known, but it was substantial. While foreign intelligence was part of the principal secretary’s duties, Walsingham brought to it flair and ambition, and large sums of his own money. He also cast his net more widely than others had done hitherto, exploiting the insight into Spanish policy offered at the Italian courts; cultivating contacts in Constantinople and Aleppo, building complex connections with the Catholic exiles. Recent detective work by author John Bossy has suggested that he recruited Giordano Bruno, although this remains controversial. Among his minor spies may have been the playwright CHristopher Marlowe, who seems to have been one of a stream of false converts whom Walsingham planted in foreign seminaries for gathering intelligence and insinuating counter-intelligence A more central figure was the cryptographer Thomas Phelippes, expert in deciphering letters, creating false handwriting and breaking and repairing seals without detection.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sir_Francis_Walsingham

The doctoring of documents and history is a well known trick-of-the-espionage trade. Further, Chester Arthur directed American military forces to salute the British flag. From chesterarthur.com:

Shortly after his accession to the presidency he participated in the dedication of the monument erected at Yorktown, Virginia, to commemorate the surrender of Lord Cornwallis at that place, 19 Oct., 1781. Representatives of our French allies and of the German participants were present. At the close of the celebration the president felicitously directed a salute to be fired in honor of the British flag, in recognition of the friendly relations so long and so happily subsisting between Great Britain and the United States, in the trust and confidence of peace and goodwill between the two countries for all the centuries to come, and especially as a mark of the profound respect entertained by the American people for the illustrious sovereign and gracious lady who sits upon the British throne.”

Sooo, I am waiting for the movie to come out, Chester Arthur, On Her Majesty’s Secret Service.  I bet Jerome Corsi will play the Arthur P. Hinman role. They have a lot in common. Corsi also forgot to mention the two citizen parent requirement in his book, Obama Nation.

Oh, this alternative history stuff is FUN!!! I can see why the two-citizen parent Birthers do it so much!

Squeeky Fromm
Girl Reporter

Note 1:  Here is a fun place I found to learn stuff about James Bond, like the quote I mangled to start this about the telegraph, above.:

http://www.hmss.com/films/dalton/

Note 2: The name of the ship in the image, H.M.S. Stalwart, is a reference to the Stalwarts, which wiki says is:

The “Stalwarts” were a faction of the United States Republican Party toward the end of the 19th century.

During the Republican national convention in 1880, the Half-Breeds advocated the candidacy of James Blaine of Maine for President. A stalemate ensued between Half-breeds and Stalwarts, and a compromise was struck to nominate a decent, unabrasive man: James Garfield. Additionally, Chester Arthur, former collector for the port of New York, was chosen to be his running mate to satisfy the Stalwarts.

Chester A. Arthur, sympathetic to the Stalwart cause, became president upon Garfield’s death on September 19, 1881, due to being shot by the self-proclaimed “Stalwart of the Stalwarts,” Charles J. Guiteau on July 2, 1881. Arthur helped to create civil service reforms in his term in part because he felt that he had to follow up Garfield’s work.


Untimely Ripped – A Halloween Special

A Spelling Bee? The Pot Thickens!

Untimely Ripped
by Squeeky Fromm, Girl Reporter

A dark Cave. In the middle, a Caldron boiling. Thunder.

First Birther Witch: Cursed long form on the loose!
Second Birther Witch: Honolulu born papoose!
Third Birther Witch: Sank my book, and cooked my goose!

First Birther Witch:

Hair of dog, and hemlock bark
Make them forget Wong Kim Ark.
Poppy flowers pink and blue
Toss it all into the brew.
Add some roofies if you please
(Wong Kim Ark sounds sooo Chinese!)

All

Around about the cauldron go;
And in some poison’d thinking throw.

Second Birther Witch:

Case of Minor Happersett
Throw it in, you won’t regret.
Cut a paragraph in two
Throw the first part in the stew.
Here’s the part you must leave out
It’s the half that mentions “doubt”.
They won’t find it, so we think
(Justia has lost the link!)

All

So dance about the magic pot;
And Thank God, ethics. . . we have not.

Third Birther Witch:

So we start our bouillabaisse
But we need a stronger case.
Something fishy. . . something French
Add some de Vattel. . . a pinch.
Page from Law of Nations book.
Shred it up and let it cook.
And to recognize our Dream
Some Hot Air to make it steam!

Sympathetic magic rules:
Like gets like” and we like fools.
So to  help us sell this dud,
What we need is Baboon blood.
But it’s missing from the shelf!
Never mind, I’ll prick myself.

All

Fire burn, and cauldron bubble;
We can’t wait to start some trouble.

2 WITCH.

Run in circles, scream and shout;
In thirty days we’ll have him out!

Squeeky Fromm
Girl Reporter

Note 1: Untimely Ripped  A line from Shakespeare’s play, Macbeth, referring to MacDuff who was, in one sense,  “not naturally born.”  Macbeth cannot be harmed, according to the witches, by ‘man born of woman’.  However, MacDuff was “untimely ripped” from his mother’s womb…by Cesarean section.

This poem is “ripped” from that play Act IV, Scene I. Shakespeare’s poem is provided in full, below.

Note 2: Witch Gender

In the 17th century, witches were both male and female persons who had made a pact to serve the devil. In exchange, the devil passed along certain powers to the witches. According to confessed witch William Barker, the devil promised to pay all Barker’s debts and that he would live comfortably. The devil also told him that he wanted to set up his own kingdom where there would be neither punishment nor shame for sin.

http://salem.lib.virginia.edu/archivist.html

Note 3: Poppy Flowers – used to make opiates. Roofies are the slang term for Rohypnol, the date rape drug. Said to cause sedative, hypnotic, dissociative, and/or amnesiac effects.

Note 4: Bouil·la·baisse  (bool ya base or boo ya base) Noun.

1. A highly seasoned stew made of several kinds of fish and shellfish.
2. A combination of various different, often incongruous elements: a bouillabaisse of special interests.

Note 5: Sympathetic Magic. Basically, that like produces like.  The “baboon blood” (which is also found in Shakespeare poem), is being added to attract other monkeys to the theory. From wiki:

The theory of sympathetic magic was first developed by Sir James George Frazer in The Golden Bough. He further subcategorised sympathetic magic into two varieties: that relying on similarity, and that relying on contact or ‘contagion’:

If we analyze the principles of thought on which magic is based, they will probably be found to resolve themselves into two: first, that like produces like, or that an effect resembles its cause; and, second, that things which have once been in contact with each other continue to act on each other at a distance after the physical contact has been severed. The former principle may be called the Law of Similarity, the latter the Law of Contact or Contagion. From the first of these principles, namely the Law of Similarity, the magician infers that he can produce any effect he desires merely by imitating it: from the second he infers that whatever he does to a material object will affect equally the person with whom the object was once in contact, whether it formed part of his body or not.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sympathetic_magic

Note 6:

William Shakespeare (1564-1616) from Macbeth – Act IV Scene I:

A dark Cave. In the middle, a Caldron boiling. Thunder.

Enter the three Witches.

1 WITCH.  Thrice the brinded cat hath mew’d.
2 WITCH.  Thrice and once, the hedge-pig whin’d.
3 WITCH.  Harpier cries:—’tis time! ’tis time!

1 WITCH.  Round about the caldron go;
In the poison’d entrails throw.—
Toad, that under cold stone,
Days and nights has thirty-one;
Swelter’d venom sleeping got,
Boil thou first i’ the charmed pot!

ALL.  Double, double toil and trouble;
Fire burn, and caldron bubble.

2 WITCH.  Fillet of a fenny snake,
In the caldron boil and bake;
Eye of newt, and toe of frog,
Wool of bat, and tongue of dog,
Adder’s fork, and blind-worm’s sting,
Lizard’s leg, and owlet’s wing,—
For a charm of powerful trouble,
Like a hell-broth boil and bubble.

ALL.  Double, double toil and trouble;
Fire burn, and caldron bubble.

3 WITCH.  Scale of dragon; tooth of wolf;
Witches’ mummy; maw and gulf
Of the ravin’d salt-sea shark;
Root of hemlock digg’d i the dark;
Liver of blaspheming Jew;
Gall of goat, and slips of yew
Sliver’d in the moon’s eclipse;
Nose of Turk, and Tartar’s lips;
Finger of birth-strangled babe
Ditch-deliver’d by a drab,—
Make the gruel thick and slab:
Add thereto a tiger’s chaudron,
For the ingrediants of our caldron.

ALL.  Double, double toil and trouble;
Fire burn, and caldron bubble.

2 WITCH.  Cool it with a baboon’s blood,
Then the charm is firm and good.

brinded – having obscure dark streaks or flecks on gray
gulf – the throat
drab – prostitute
chaudron – entrails


Contributing To The Delinquency Of Minor and Happersett!!! (Un-Natural Born Acts???)

Virginia Wanted To Do What Only Men Had Been Allowed To Do!!!

Well, this Internet Article is not quite as racy as it sounds. Actually, Virgina Minor just wanted the right to vote, and in 1874 Missouri, women were not allowed to vote. Sooo, Virginia Minor sued Happersatt, the registrar of voters. This was 6 years after the passing of the 14th Amendment, which not only provided that all persons born in America, with a few exceptions, were citizens, but also insured “No State shall make or enforce any law, which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States.

Since men could vote, Virginia Minor wanted the same privilege. The Minor judges said NO, basically because the 14th Amendment created no extra citizenship rights for Virgina Minor, because she had been a  native born citizen since her birth in 1826.  This was before the 14th Amendment passed in 1868.  Since being a female citizen did not give her the right to vote before the passage of the 14th Amendment,  it did not give her the right afterwards, either.

Here is a link to the very short Supreme Court case, MINOR v. HAPPERSETT 88 U.S. 162;  21 Wall. 162

http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/conlaw/minorvhapp.html

Sooo, you may be asking yourself, what does this Women’s voting rights case have to do with any Birtherism issues???  Well not much unless you are a Vattle Birther. (I intentionally mis-spell Vattel as a form of satire.) And, if you are a Vattle Birther, then this case is the one which proves their two citizen parent theory beyond a shadow of a doubt. Yep.  I kid you NOT!!! This case supposedly proves that to be a natural born citizen, and eligible for the presidency, you must have two citizen parents.  Here is the language that throws the Vattle Birthers for a loop, with some bolding by ME:

The Constitution does not, in words, say who shall be natural-born citizens. Resort must be had elsewhere to ascertain that. At common-law, with the nomenclature of which the framers of the Constitution were familiar, it was never doubted that all children born in a country of parents who were its citizens became themselves, upon their birth, citizens also. These were natives, or natural-born citizens, as distinguished from aliens or foreigners. Some authorities go further and include as citizens children born within the jurisdiction without reference to the citizenship of their parents. As to this class there have been doubts, but never as to the first. For the purposes of this case it is not necessary to solve these doubts. It is sufficient for everything we have now to consider that all children born of citizen parents within the jurisdiction are themselves citizens.

Now, to most people, it reads like the Minor Judges did not make any ruling on whether or not children of foreigners were natural born citizens if born here.   And, to the rest of The Free World, when a court says in a particular case that “it  is not necessary to solve these doubts” , well,  uh. . . it means they are not going to solve the doubts.  BUT,  the Vattle Birthers have a little reading comprehension problem caused by the fact that later court cases, like Wong Kim Ark , in 1898, do go on to resolve these doubts, and NOT in a way the Vattle Birthers like.  Sooo, Minor vs. Happersett 1874 is like a retreat to the womb for the Vattle Birthers.  It is a place to be warm, and safe, and not have to deal with that troublesome Big Kid known as REALITY.  They can lay there, all comfy cozy in a fetal position, thumbs in their mouths, and pretend away those bolded words above.

What is even more ironic, is that 24 years later, the Wong Kim Ark judges did quote the Minor case, but not for any supposed definition of natural born citizens. They quoted it to show that the Court had to resort to common law to determine what natural born citizen meant, and that there were only two kinds of citizen, people born citizens and people naturalized as citizens. And, the Wong Kim Ark judges said:

. . . aliens, while residing in the dominions possessed by the crown of England, were within the allegiance, the obedience, the faith or loyalty, the protection, the power, and the jurisdiction of the English sovereign; and therefore every child born in England of alien parents was a natural-born subject. . .The same rule was in force in all the English colonies upon this continent down to the time of the Declaration of Independence, and in the United States afterwards, and continued to prevail under the constitution as originally established.13

Ooops!!! That is not good if you’re a Vattle Birther. Sure enough, if you debate the Vattle Birthers, you will see them avoiding Wong Kim Ark 1898 like the plague.  Sometimes, they are nice enough to do it in court where everybody can enjoy it.  In a 2009 case, which you can find at this website as “The Case The “Two Citizen Parent” Birthers Just HATE!!!“, the Judges, after quoting very heavily from Wong Kim Ark, noted:

The Plaintiffs do not mention the above United States Supreme Court authority [Wong Kim Ark]  in their complaint or brief; they primarily rely instead on an eighteenth century treatise [Emerich de Vattel, I bet!!!] and quotations of Members of Congress made during the nineteenth century. To the extent that these authorities conflict with the United States Supreme Court‟s interpretation of what it means to be a natural born citizen, we believe that the Plaintiffs‟ arguments fall under the category of “conclusory, non-factual assertions or legal conclusions” that we need not accept as true when reviewing the grant of a motion to dismiss for failure to state a claim.

That same court also said:

Based upon the language of Article II, Section 1, Clause 4 and the guidance provided by Wong Kim Ark, we conclude that persons born within the borders of the United States are “natural born Citizens” for Article II, Section 1 purposes, regardless of the citizenship of their parents. Just as a person “born within the British dominions [was] a natural-born British subject” at the time of the framing of the U.S. Constitution, so too were those “born in the allegiance of the United States [] natural-born citizens.”15

Sooo, if you hear somebody carrying on about how Minor vs. Happersett 1874 decided the whole issue of natural born citizenship, well . . . now you know the rest of the story.

Squeeky Fromm
Girl Reporter

NOTE: I do a lot of Internet Debating with Vattle Birthers, and they will just go on forever and twist words all over the place to try to make the Minor case say the opposite of what it does.  Here is a example of something I told one of them to make it clearer for him, and also for the normal people reading it. It is a very age appropriate example for the Vattel Birthers:

The Case of Virginia Rabbit Versus Happersett (1875)

The Court:  At common-law, with the nomenclature of which the framers of the Constitution were familiar, it was never doubted that all rabbits were mammals, and their children were mammals, too. These were mammals, or common sense mammals, as distinguished from critters like platypuses or weird animals. Some authorities go further and include as mammals, platypuses. As to this class there have been doubts, but never as to the first.  For the purposes of this case it is not necessary to solve these doubts.

Vattle Birthers: See!!! This PROVES platypuses are NOT mammals!!!

Rational People: Uh. . .No.  Because  the case was about a rabbit,  they didn’t have to deal with platypuses at all.

(Yes. We really do have to deal with issues that are this simple and obvious.)